Germany

THE GERMAN PHILHELLENES

The philhellenic movement flourished in Germany. German liberalism and neo-humanism formed the basis for the rapid development of philhellenism in academic circles, which played a pivotal role in the struggle against Napoleon Bonaparte.

The valuable experience in enlightening public opinion, raising money, and advancing political and ideological aspirations, made German scholars and professors experts in dealing with the needs of the Greek Revolution. The first philhellenic committee was established in Stuttgart. All sorts of publications (e.g. Griechenlands Wiedergeburt by Professor Wilhelm Traugott Krug), articles in the daily and weekly press, and works of fiction (such as the famous Lieder der Griechen by Wilhelm Müller) promoted the Greek cause and invited Germans to support the Greeks.

The final result was impressive, both in the amount of money raised and the number of volunteers who travelled to Greece to fight the Ottomans. The German Philhellenes are the most numerous group of foreigners who came to Greece and Messolonghi, where at least six of them died during the Exodus.

• Picture 1: Lieder der Griechen (1821) – Wilhelm Müller
• Picture 2: Griechenlands Wiedergeburt(1821) – Wilhelm Traugott Krug

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