Portugal was the homeland of one of the most remarkable philhellenes, Antonio Figueira d’Almeida. D’Almeida was a veteran of the Napoleonic Wars and had gained valuable experience in the fight against the French. The outbreak of the Greek Revolution deeply moved d’Almeida, who travelled to Greece and joined the regular army.

He distinguished himself in many victorious battles and showed the value of the regular cavalry. After Greece won its independence, d’ Almeida remained in the country and served in various critical positions. In 1836 he was appointed military commander of Messolonghi and suppressed the rebellion of Colonel Nikolaos Zervas. The Greek state, in recognition of his valuable services, gave d’Almeida Greek citizenship.

• Picture: Portrait of Antonio Figueira d’Almeida – National History Museum